Magnetic Declination Calculator (MagDec)
This page describes a free application that runs in
the Google Earth desktop client. Please install
and return to this page to learn more.
MagDec is a graphical front end for the NGDC online Magnetic Field Calculators.
It eliminates the need to input geodetic coordinates and displays the calculated magnetic
declination and secular variation in a placemark balloon.
Position the point of interest (POI) in the center of the view. One way to
do this is to double-click an unmarked location. To precisely position the
POI in the center of the view, add a placemark at the desired location;
then edit the properties of that placemark and reset the view
For best results, disable automatic tilting (Tools, Options, Navigation,
Do not automatically tilt while zooming) and minimize elevation
exaggeration (Tools, Options, 3D View, Elevation Exaggeration, 0.01).
Check the box beside the Declination Calculator network link.
A form will be presented with read-only coordinates corresponding to
the view center and input fields for year, month, and day. Calculated magnetic
declination and secular variation are displayed when the Calculate button is pressed.
On subsequent uses, reposition the POI and ensure that the network link
is checked and selected. Then choose Refresh from the Edit menu, or right-click
and select Refresh in the context menu
MagDec provides global coverage for 1900 to 2019 using the International Geomagnetic Reference
(1900-2014) and the World Magnetic Model (WMM
Coverage of the conterminous United States for 1750 to 1899 is provided by the Historical Declination Calculator
Historical declination values are not available for all years in all areas.
Note: To save MagDec results from one Google Earth session to another, right-click
on Saved Placemarks and select Save to My Places or Save Place As.
All data are retrieved from remote servers. Data errors,
accuracy, and availability are beyond the control of this application.